CAA to mob lynching: Important issues still pending before the Supreme Court in 2022

It has been three years since the Supreme Court frowned upon the mobocracy prevalent in the country, an observation it made in light of the alarming number of mob lynching incidents that took place. Significantly, it had also called upon Parliament to introduce a separate law to deal with the same.Since then, despite the fact that such incidents continued unabated, the Central government has not taken any steps towards introducing a law.The Supreme Court has yet to ensure that its suggestions in the Tehseen Poonawalla judgment are implemented, and its failure to do so, one can argue, emboldens vigilantes and allows governments to wash their hands clean of such incidents.In 2019, the Supreme Court issued notice to the Centre and all States in a petition seeking the implementation of its 2018 judgment. There have been no substantial orders passed in the matter since.CAA

The Centre's passing of the controversial Citizenship Amendment Act in December 2019 sparked widespread protests across the country. As a result, many protesting students, activists and lawyers were booked under various provisions and put in jail, where some of them continue to be lodged.A deluge of petitions came to be filed before the Supreme Court challenging the law. Apart from the Kerala-based political party Indian Union Muslim League (IUML), Trinamool Congress MP Mahua Moitra, Congress leader and former Union Minister Jairam Ramesh, All India Majlis-e-Ittehadul Muslimeen (AIMIM) leader Asaduddin Owaisi, Congress leader Debabrata Saikia, NGOs Rihai Manch and Citizens Against Hate and others approached the apex court.While the Court promptly issued notice in the batch of PILs challenging the Act, the subsequent action on its part has been anything but prompt.